Musiconis



La guiterne appartient à la famille des luths, dont elle se distingue pourtant. Elle est souvent considérée comme "ancêtre" de la mandoline. Elle est probablement taillée dans un bloc de bois unique du chevillier à la caisse. Le chevillier est parfois en forme de faucille. Le corps porte souvent deux rosaces. Les cordes sont fixées à l'extrémité de la caisse (comme sur la mandoline moderne). Il est possible que sont chevalet soit mobile. 2 exemples sont accessibles.

The gittern belongs to the lute family, from which it sets itself apart in some ways. It is sometimes considered to be an "ancestor" of the mandolin. The instrument was probably hewn from a single block of wood from peg to sounding board. The pegs are sometimes sickle-shaped. The body of the instrument often features two rosettes. The strings are fixed at the edge of the sounding board (as is the case of the modern mandolin). It is possible that its bridge was not fixed. You will find two examples of the gittern below.


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Console d'une statue, extérieur nord, nef, travée 1, chapelle Saint-Jean-Baptiste, beau pilier, contrefort nord, face antérieure, niveau supérieur / Amiens, Somme, France, 14e siècle.
Above: console of a statue, exterior, north flank, nave, bay 1, chapel of John the Baptist, "beau pilier," buttress, front face, upper level, Amiens, Somme, France, 14th century

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Hybride anthropomorphe musicien jouant de la guiterne, Decretum, ms. 1291, f. 206
Hybrid anthropomorphic musician playing the gittern, Decretum, ms. 1291, f. 206

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Musicien jouant de la guiterne, ms. 0502, f. 019
Musician playing the gittern, ms. 0502, f. 019